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〖天涯头条〗非洲大草原血腥战记(组图)

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作者:北庭兵马使李牧 提交日期:2007-08-24 12:16
  伤口已经溃烂



它永远的闭上了双眼

作者:北庭兵马使李牧 提交日期:2007-08-24 12:18
  它兄弟找到它时它还没死,刚开始山考不相信眼前这只奄奄一息是它兄弟,还对里亚拉姆发起攻击。里亚拉姆不停的哀号终于使山考认出了它。
  猎豹认出受伤的是自己的兄弟时,它只在旁边守候了一阵子,最后为了自身的安全选择了离别这位亲兄弟,受伤的猎豹躺在地上只好眼睁睁地看着自己的兄弟在草从里消失了,最后受伤的猎豹因重伤至死。
  
  
作者:北庭兵马使李牧 提交日期:2007-08-24 12:25
  转贴狮虎和鳄鱼/蟒蛇的几个冲突
  
  老虎和鳄鱼
  1、 This first hair account is from Kailash Sankhala and it details a clash between the two.
  He observed this encounter from the top of a fort that over looked a river. The tiger entered the water and caught the eye of a mugger crocodile. The crocodile slipped into the river and swam after the tiger. The tiger, getting very nervous swam even faster, but the croc caught up to the tiger. In the middle of the river they met and the croc nit the tiger in the back, but was unable to get a grip and the tiger escaped. The tiger was able to reach shallow water and was now able to
  stand. When the croc attacked again the tiger some how grabbed the croc and threw it onto dry land! The tiger then killed the crocodile! (Sankhala 1977) 老虎非常漂亮的一次胜利,鳄鱼可能不是很大,不过把鳄鱼拖到浅水然后扔上岸。。。估计在公虎里也要是虎域里abu之类的级别。
   2、泽鳄胜Burton, an early tiger expert told of an encounter that did not go the tiger's way. In this encounter the two where in the water and crocodile and tiger where in a violent struggle and the tiger was killed. (Sankhala 1977)
   3、母虎胜these are an internet description of a tiger/croc confrontation and on of Valmik Thapar's accounts of tigers and crocodiles from his book, Tiger: the Ultimate Guide
  The book shows a famous picture of a tigress killing a crocodile, which I believe many tiger fans have seen. This account is quite famous and I believe you have heard this one before!
  From what I have gathered, the large tigress found an enormous 14-foot crocodile scavenging at her kill. This was during a drought in India and the crocodile had been wondering to get to a new water hole. The tigress became enraged and attacked the croc. The two battled for two hours. The Croc snapped its powerful jaws and although it once came close, it was unable to grab a hold of the nimble tigress.The tigress on the other hand kept trying to flip the crocodile over to get to its vulnerable belly, but every time the croc resisted. Eventually the tigress's repeated attacks wore the crocodile down and she eventually bit chunks out of the crocodile's neck (this is what you see in the picture) to get to the neck joint and the croc eventually bled to death!
  流传最广的虎鳄斗图片的来历.... 那鳄鱼4米左右
   4、母虎胜Here is another account of a battle between a tigress and a crocodile at rhanthombor. In this account, the tigress made a sambar kill by one of the park抯many lakes.After resting, she ventured off to get her cubs and returned to find an unwelcomeguest!
  on her return, she found a large crocodile feasting on her kill. She was furious and rushed at it, roaring loudly; the croc responded by snapping its jaws. The tigress tried to topple it off its kill, but every time it regained its normal position and hit out at her, lashing its tail vigorously. Then the tigress tried to straddle the crocodile's neck struggling to bite the joint between the head and the shoulder. She bit off a piece of skin before the croc shook itself free and headed for the lake.?
  The next mourning the tigress dragged the kill into the fort there. Meanwhile, the croc was found by the lake, and some village dogs thought it was dead and attacked it. However, upon discovering that it was not, they soon left the scene. The tigress also soon realized that the croc was not dead and soon went after it. She seized by the tail as the croc was trying to flee to the water and turned the croc around so it headed further towards the shore. The injured and exhausted crocodile was disorientated. She later attacked the crocodile, but the crocodile shock her off. She seemed disinterested in it. However, the next day the crocodile was dead.
  Comments: Dr. Adam Britton describes that crocodiles may take a day or two to regain their stamina after exerting themselves. This has a lot to with the fact that crocs are cold blooded.
  评论很有意思,鳄鱼的体力恢复因为冷血的缘故要慢的多。
   5、母虎胜This account was form the makers of Tigers in the Emerald Forest:
  They described Machli, the dominant female tigress. She is unique because she specializes in hunting the park's crocodiles!记录片里有只母虎很擅长捕猎鳄鱼
   6、泽鳄胜In this account there is a vicious struggle in a river between a tigress and a crocodile. Eventually, the crocodile prevails!
  有些资料来源不是很清楚的就没贴上,鳄鱼胜的只有2次,老虎胜的拣了几个比较精彩的,另外还有老虎捉小恒河鳄、印支虎和苏门虎捉当地的小鳄鱼等。
  lairweb的说法:Maxine Annabell describes that many tigers have preyed on crocs by biting them in the head between the ears. They have even been known to toss them several meters.Tigers are nervous about confronting crocodiles in the water and often will quickly retreat to dry land where they have the advantage. crocodile/tiger encounters are rare today because both are very rare in India. ,以前有老虎以鳄鱼为食的说法。虎在水中面对鳄鱼会很紧张,最近虎鳄冲突很少,因为数量都不多了。
  saltwater crocodiles and tigers meet in the Sunderbans in Bangladesh. However there's nothing of the interaction between the two.没有虎和湾鳄的冲突
  看来老虎对亚洲的鳄鱼有不小的优势。
  
作者:北庭兵马使李牧 提交日期:2007-08-24 12:28
  狮子和鳄鱼(只有几条来源清楚可信的):
  In Africa lions interact with the large aggressive and dangerous Nile Crocodile.This crocodile is probably the only African Species big enough to take on a lion.The Nile Crocodile is the second largest crocodile in the world, after the Salt Water Crocodile. It is the best at bringing down large prey and vies with the SaltWater Crocodile for the title of most aggressive croc. It is a formidable foe for a lion.
  Accounts of these two clashing are not as numerous as those of crocodiles and tigers. Perhaps this is because the tigers spend more time close to the water.
  1、鳄鱼胜An old show on the discovery channel showed an encounter between a Nile Crocodile
  and a lioness. The lioness was crossing a river and the crocodile came up from underneath and grabbed the lioness. She was totally out of her element and unable to fight back and drowned.
  2、捕猎鳄鱼的狮群According to The Art of Being a Lion, by Christine and Michel Denis-Huot, there is actually a pride of lions in a river valley in Africa that specialize in hunting crocodiles!
  3、亚洲狮胜There are plenty of mugger crocodiles in Gir. In the 1980's there was a report in the newspaper of a male lion fighting with and killing a mugger croc.
  亚洲雄狮杀死了鳄鱼
  
   虎对蟒蛇:
  it's a general rule, tigers are sensible, cautious and skillful hunters but they are also individuals and some unpredictable, even reckless. Nothing in the jungle is absolutely safe form attack. 1、虎胜This account is from Steven Mills's book, Tiger.
  One mourning in a patch of forest South of Dudhwa in Uttar Pradesh my assistant Drew Singh and I found evidence of a fight between a tigress and a python. For 20 m or so, the loose sand on the track was scooped into ridges by the flailing of a large snake and on either side were hollows and scrapes where the tiger had thrust for purchase, They seemed to have rolled off track further on the tigress's foot prints rejoined it and padded calmly into the distance. We searched the scanty undergrowth for the snake and after half an hour we discovered or so we found it 50m (160 feet) form the battlefield. It was, or had been, a very large python 6m (20 feet long) Pythons that big are as rare as tigers and so, from a conservation point of view it was a tragedy that the two had clashed. The snake's head was partly crushed but it was still alive, even though the tigress had eaten half a meter of its tail, taken a scallop out half way along
  its back and eaten another chunk from its head.?(Mills, 2004 page 25)
  2、蟒胜In this encounter, a python killed and ate a year old tiger. It took the snake a whole night to swallow the tiger.
  3、蟒胜?也可能同归于尽,毕竟老虎抓破了蟒头Thapar also describes this encounter between a python and a tiger from an account by Colonel F. W. T. Pollok in Incidents of Foreign Sport and Travel (1984).
  when there was a roar, and a brindled mass sprung at something which was invisible to me. Instantaneously a vast specked body coiled itself round the brindle matter, there was a struggle, bones seemed to be crunched to bits, the tiger gave a feeble roar or two, and all was still except for an occasional convulsive up-heaving?That long, long night terminated and thankful I was to see the dawn of day and hear the jungle fowls losing no time I descended to solve last night's mystery. The sight that beheld my eyes was marvelous. A huge rock python, just over twenty one feet in length, lay coiled around the body of a tiger whose fangs in turn
  where imbedded in the back of the snake's head, while the reptile folds, after enveloping the tiger, had got a purchase by lashing its tail round the adjoining sapling, and so assisting the vast muscular power it possessed in crushing the tiger to death.(Thapar 2004, page 141)
  4、同归于尽in a 1964 battle between a python and tiger both animals died(Annabell, 2001)
  看来除非很大的蟒才能和母虎抗衡,一般的蟒只能是食物
  
   老虎和鳄鱼1、第一个例子来自Kailash Sankhala,详细描述了2者的一次战斗。他在一个俯瞰着一条河的堡垒顶上观察了这次打斗。老虎下了水并被1只泽鳄发现,鳄鱼也悄悄下水并且跟着老虎。老虎非常紧张并且加速游泳,但鳄鱼赶上了它。在河中央它们相遇,鳄鱼咬住了老虎的背部但无法控制住它,老虎逃到了浅水区并且能够站稳脚跟。当鳄鱼再次攻击时,老虎抓住了它并且将它直接扔到岸上!接着杀死了鳄鱼。2、一个叫Burton的早期研究老虎的专家描述了一次遭遇,但这次不是按照老虎的方式进行的。2者在水中进行了激烈的打斗,最终老虎被杀死。3、Valmik Thapar在他的《Tiger: the Ultimate Guide》里报道了一次老虎和鳄鱼的战斗。这本书里有一幅著名的母虎杀死鳄鱼的图片,这次打斗也很出名。基本过程是:一只巨大的母虎发现一只14英尺长的大鳄鱼在偷吃它的猎物,当时是印度的旱季,那只鳄鱼正在试图迁移到一个新的水塘。老虎被激怒开始攻击鳄鱼,2者打了2个小时。鳄鱼用它有力的嘴试图咬住老虎,尽管有一次只差一点,但还是没有咬到敏捷的老虎。而老虎试图将鳄鱼翻过来,攻击它薄弱的腹部,鳄鱼也抵挡住了每次这样的攻击。老虎最终耗尽了鳄鱼的体力,并且咬下了鳄鱼大块脖子处的肉,直到它的颈关节处并使其流血致死。 图片反应的就是这时的场面。4、另一次战斗发生在rhanthombor公园的母虎和鳄鱼之间。母虎在这个有许多水塘的公园里的一个湖边杀死了一只水鹿,休息之后它冒险离开,去找它的孩子,回来时发现了一个不受欢迎的客人:1只大鳄鱼正在吃它的猎物!它大怒之下冲向对方并大声咆哮,鳄鱼的反应是用嘴猛咬。老虎试图将鳄鱼赶走,但每次鳄鱼都保住了原来的地方,并用尾巴猛抽将老虎逼退。接着老虎设法跨在鳄鱼脖子上咬头和肩部之间的关节,在鳄鱼把它甩下来并且逃向池塘之前老虎咬下了一块皮。第二天早上老虎把猎物拖到隐蔽处。这时鳄鱼在湖边被发现,几只村民养的狗以为它死了并企图咬它,但发现它还活着后马上逃跑。母虎也很快意识到了这一点并很快追上鳄鱼,当鳄鱼企图逃进水塘时老虎抓住了它的尾巴,并把它转了个圈使它离岸边更远。受伤而且精疲力尽的鳄鱼失去了方向感。过了一会老虎再次攻击了鳄鱼,但被鳄鱼赶开,老虎似乎对此失去了兴趣。1天以后鳄鱼被发现死了。评论: Adam Britton 博士说鳄鱼在耗尽了体力以后可能需要1到2天才能恢复体力,这和它们是冷血动物关系很大。5、记录片《Tigers in the Emerald Forest》里面,1只叫Machli的占据地盘的母虎,它非常独特,因为专门捕捉公园里的鳄鱼。(如果没记错,网上的那段视频就是这部片里找的)6、另一次母虎和泽鳄在深水打斗,鳄鱼胜利。lairweb的说法:Maxine Annabell 说很多老虎通过咬鳄鱼2耳之间的头部来捕猎鳄鱼,甚至可以把鳄鱼甩出几米远。老虎在水中遇到鳄鱼会非常紧张,并经常迅速撤到岸上,在那里老虎占优势。现在由于2者数量都很少,所以战例少了很多。另:泽鳄平均1.8-2.4 m长,最大长到4米左右。
  
   狮子和鳄鱼:在非洲狮子面对的是巨大危险而且攻击性很强的尼罗鳄,尼罗鳄是仅次于咸水额的世界第二大的鳄鱼,也许是非洲唯一能够大到威胁狮子的种类。尼罗鳄最善长放倒大型猎物,并和咸水鳄竞争世界最凶猛的鳄鱼的头衔。对狮子来说这是一个强大的对手。1、discovery频道有一个比较老的影片,1只母狮过河时一只尼罗鳄从下面攻击,并且咬住了它,母狮完全处在没经历过的条件下,无法反抗并被淹死。2、Christine and Michel Denis-Huot写的《The Art of Being a Lion》里提到,在非洲一个河谷里,有群狮子专门捕猎鳄鱼。3、gir地区有很多泽鳄,80年代报纸里有个报道,1只雄狮和泽鳄战斗并且杀死了鳄鱼。虎对蟒蛇:
  老虎通常是一种理智、谨慎、有技巧的猎手,但它们也有没有预见性甚至不计后果的时候,在丛林中没有动物是绝对安全且不受袭击的。1、Steven Mills的书《tiger》里描述了一段场景:1天早上在Dudhwa in Uttar Pradesh 南部森林里的一条路上,我和我的助手Drew Singh发现了1只母虎和1条蟒蛇打斗的痕迹。路上20米左右长度的松软的沙地被大蛇翻成了犁垄状,2边都是老虎抓出的空洞和爪痕。它们看上去还曾滚离了道路,老虎的脚印填补了中间的距离,将2处战场连接起来。我们在稀疏的矮树里搜寻着蟒蛇,1个半小时后我们在离战场50米远的地方找到了它。这曾经是1条6米长非常大的蟒蛇,这么大的蛇象老虎一样是很少见的,所以从动物保护的观点看,这两者的战斗实在是个悲剧。蛇头的一部分被打碎了,但它仍然活着,尽管老虎吃掉了它半米长的尾巴、头部的一块,并且将它身体中部的内脏抓出来(scallop不知怎么翻好)。(Mills, 2004 page 25)2、这个例子里蟒蛇杀死了1只1岁的老虎,并花了整整1夜才将其吞掉。3、Thapar提到,1984年F. W. T. Pollok 上校在Incidents of Foreign Sport and Travel 里描述了虎和蟒蛇的1次战斗:当一声咆哮传来,一只斑斓的老虎扑向1个我看不到的东西,马上1个巨大的满是斑点的身体缠住了老虎,战斗开始,好像有骨头破碎的声音,老虎发出了1、2声虚弱的吼叫,一切都很静,除了偶尔传来几声痉挛似的声音。长长的一夜终于过去,谢天谢地,我看到了黎明破晓,听到了丛林里的鸟叫。我马上出发去解开昨夜的秘密,我看到了一副不可思意的场面:1只巨大的岩蟒,大概有21英尺长(6。3米),躺在地上缠绕着1只老虎,老虎的牙同时咬进了蟒蛇头的后部。在缠住了老虎之后,蟒蛇在收紧自己身体时伸出尾巴缠住了附近的一棵小树,借此来发挥体内的巨大力量将老虎挤死。4、1964年的一次战斗中,老虎和蟒蛇同归于尽。另外还有一些豹、 美洲豹等和蟒、鳄的战例,豹的胜率明显低于虎,美洲豹和虎差不多。
  
   1、Steven Mills的书《tiger》里描述了一段场景:1天早上在Dudhwa in Uttar Pradesh 南部森林里的一条路上,我和我的助手Drew Singh发现了1只母虎和1条蟒蛇打斗的痕迹。路上20米左右长度的松软的沙地被大蛇翻成了犁垄状,2边都是老虎抓出的空洞和爪痕。它们看上去还曾滚离了道路,老虎的脚印填补了中间的距离,将2处战场连接起来。我们在稀疏的矮树里搜寻着蟒蛇,1个半小时后我们在离战场50米远的地方找到了它。这曾经是1条6米长非常大的蟒蛇,这么大的蛇象老虎一样是很少见的,所以从动物保护的观点看,这两者的战斗实在是个悲剧。蛇头的一部分被打碎了,但它仍然活着,尽管老虎吃掉了它半米长的尾巴、头部的一块,并且将它身体中部的内脏抓出来.
  2、这个例子里蟒蛇杀死了1只1岁的老虎,并花了整整1夜才将其吞掉。
  3、Thapar提到,1984年F. W. T. Pollok 上校在Incidents of Foreign Sport and Travel 里描述了虎和蟒蛇的1次战斗:当一声咆哮传来,一只斑斓的老虎扑向1个我看不到的东西,马上1个巨大的满是斑点的身体缠住了老虎,战斗开始,好像有骨头破碎的声音,老虎发出了1、2声虚弱的吼叫,一切都很静,除了偶尔传来几声痉挛似的声音。长长的一夜终于过去,谢天谢地,我看到了黎明破晓,听到了丛林里的鸟叫。我马上出发去解开昨夜的秘密,我看到了一副不可思意的场面:1只巨大的岩蟒,大概有21英尺长(6。3米),躺在地上缠绕着1只老虎,老虎的牙同时咬进了蟒蛇头的后部。在缠住了老虎之后,蟒蛇在收紧自己身体时伸出尾巴缠住了附近的一棵小树,借此来发挥体内的巨大力量将老虎挤死。
  4、1964年的一次战斗中,老虎和蟒蛇同归于尽。

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